Brain Behaviour Research Foundation of India (BBRFI)
Promoting Positive Mental Health & Well-being for All

Frequently Asked Questions

What is schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a severe and debilitating brain and behavior disorder affecting how one thinks, feels and acts. People with schizophrenia can have trouble distinguishing reality from fantasy, expressing and managing normal emotions and making decisions. Thought processes may also be disorganized and the motivation to engage in life’s activities may be blunted. Those with the condition may hear imaginary voices and believe others are reading their minds, controlling their thoughts or plotting to harm them.

What are the symptoms of schizophrenia?

Positive symptoms, which can be severe or mild, include delusions, hallucinations and thought disorders.
Negative symptoms reflect a loss of functioning in areas such as emotion or motivation. Negative symptoms include loss or reduction in the ability to initiate plans, speak, express emotion or find pleasure in life. They include emotional flatness or lack of expression, diminished ability to begin and sustain a planned activity, social withdrawal and apathy. These symptoms can be mistaken for laziness or depression.
Cognitive symptoms involve problems with attention and memory, especially in planning and organizing to achieve a goal.

At what age do the symptoms of schizophrenia appear?

Schizophrenia affects men and women equally. It occurs at similar rates in all ethnic groups around the world. Symptoms such as hallucinations and delusions usually start between ages 16 and 30.
Men tend to experience symptoms earlier than women. Most of the time, people do not get schizophrenia after age 45. Schizophrenia rarely occurs in children, but awareness of childhood onset schizophrenia is increasing.

What are the subtypes of schizophrenia?

Paranoid schizophrenia — feelings of extreme suspicion, persecution or grandiosity, or a combination of these.
Disorganized schizophrenia — incoherent thoughts, but not necessarily delusional.
Catatonic schizophrenia — withdrawal, negative affect and isolation, and marked psychomotor disturbances.
Residual schizophrenia — delusions or hallucinations may go away, but motivation or interest in life is gone.
Schizoaffective disorder — symptoms of both schizophrenia and a major mood disorder, such as depression.

What are the symptoms of depression?

* Depressed mood most of the day, nearly every day
* Markedly diminished interest or pleasure in activities most of the day, nearly every day
* Changes in appetite that result in weight losses or gains unrelated to dieting
* Changes in sleeping patterns
* Loss of energy or increased fatigue
* Restlessness or irritability
* Feelings of anxiety
* Feelings of worthlessness, helplessness, or hopelessness
* Inappropriate guilt
* Difficulty thinking, concentrating, or making decisions
* Thoughts of death or attempts at suicide
(Sources: National Institute of Mental Health and National Women’s Health Center.)

What is Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar disorder is a brain and behavior disorder characterized by severe shifts in a person's mood and energy, making it difficult for the person to function.

What are the symptoms of Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar disorder causes repeated mood swings, or episodes, that can make someone feel very high (mania) or very low (depressive). The cyclic episodes are punctuated by normal moods.

Is there any difference between depression and bipolar disorder?

Yes, the main difference between bipolar disorder and major clinical depression is the presence of manic episodes. This is why depression alone is not enough to diagnose an individual with bipolar. However, one manic episode (meeting DMS-IV criteria) is sufficient to make a bipolar diagnosis.

What is Autistic Disorder/ Autism?

Autistic disorder, commonly referred to as autism, is the most prevalent ASD and severely impairs a child’s social interaction and communication abilities.

What are the symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorders?

Social Deficits, Communication Difficulties, Repetitive Behaviors, Sensory Difficulties

What is Anxiety?

Anxiety is a disorder that cause nervousness, fear, apprehension, and worrying.

What are the types of anxiety disorders?

1. Generalized Anxiety Disorder
2. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
3. Panic Disorder
4. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
5. Social Phobia (or Social Anxiety Disorder)

What is ADHD?

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurobehavioral condition that interferes with a person’s ability to pay attention and exercise age-appropriate inhibition. A person with ADHD is so inattentive or impulsively hyperactive-or both-that daily functioning at home, school and work is compromised. ADHD usually becomes apparent in children during preschool and early school years.

What are the causes of ADHD?

ADHD is a neurological disorder and research indicates that it may be due to alterations in the brain and the way it functions.
The causes of these differences are not entirely known, but family and twin studies reveal ADHD is genetic. Between 10 percent and 35 percent of children with ADHD have a close relative with ADHD, and nearly half of parents who had ADHD as a child also have a child with the disorder. Studies in families of children with ADHD show that relatives are at high risk for ADHD, other psychiatric disorders and learning disabilities.

What are various kind of Mental Illnesses

* Addiction
* Alzheimer’s Disease
* Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)
* Conduct Disorder
* Dissociative Disorders
* Eating Disorders
* Fragile X Syndrome
* Parkinson's Disease
* Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder
* Schizoaffective Disorder
* Schizotypal Personality Disorder
* Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
* Suicide
* Tourette Syndrome

How is 4D Brain Analysis report beneficial to me?

It would help you know your innate potential, weaknesses, strengths and aid you to reach your true potential.

Are these results accurate?

We ensure you that all your results are accurate. However, the DNA analysis and the Biological Mapping results are very scientific, their accuracy is hampered only if there occurs an error during the collection of the sample, otherwise these tests are 100% accurate. The accuracy of your answers are directly proportional to your honestly and diligence at the time of assessment.

For how long are these finding valid? Or what is the time validity of these findings?

The DNA(genetic) and Biological Mapping findings due to their scientific relevance remain constant throughout the life of an individual.
The Psychological & Neurological findings can be changed by regress training, nurturing and with the time.

Will the confidentiality of our reports be maintained?

We ensure that none of this information obtained would be used against you in any form. You will be informed if any confidentiality issues are to be violated due to some legal issues.

What is genetic IQ?

Genetic IQ provides the Genetic Level of IQ markers present in any individual which accounts of roughly 50% of heritable IQ of a person. Rest 50% of IQ of any individual is dependent on various other factors which include - Socio-economic factors, childhood upbringing, Malnutrition & Diseases.

Is it necessary to take a counselling session after the reports are generated?

To understand these scientific reports better and avoid misinterpretation it is advised to understand these through a counsellor. If any abnormality is diagnosed a counselling session is firmly advised.

What is the relevance of Brain- Mapping?

Brain Mapping detects abnormalities in your brain waves or in the electrical activity of your brain and provides the information concerning the active state of various regions of the brain, effectively producing a map of the brain’s activity.
It also enables us to see your unique pattern of mental strengths and weaknesses - areas of the brain where there is too little or too much activity, and areas that are not coordinating their activity the best they could.

What is Psychological Mapping?

Psychological Mapping helps an individual know about their dominant area of intelligence. It also familiarizes them with their learning style that would ensure maximum retention. The degree of extroversion and introversion of an individual can also be projected through its findings.

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